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Lumpectomy and mastectomy procedures are both performed to remove breast cancer. WHile both are effective, they have different benefits and risks. A lumpectomy preserves the breast, while a mastectomy removes it. Your doctor will help you decide which is best for you.
The location and stage of your cancer are significant factors when decising between the two. Lumpectomy and mastectomy procedures are both effective treatments for breast cancer.
Lumpectomy Vs Mastectomy
Breast Conserving Surgery ( BCS) may be used as part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. It is sometimes called a lumpectomy or a partial mastectomy. A lumpectomy attempts to leave the breast looking as close to the original as possible.
During BCS, only the part of the breast that has cancer is removed. The cancer lump and some breast tissue around the lump are removed. How much of the breast is removed will depend on the lump's size and where it is located. The surgeon may also remove some of the lymph nodes under your arm to find out if the cancer has spread there. Breast cancer often spreads to these lymph nodes.
You will likely need Radiation Therapy (RT) after a lumpectomy to prevent recurrent cancer and to destroy any remaining cancer cells. This procedure is recommended for patients with a less invasive form of cancer. If the cancer has spread through the breast or if the tumor is too large, doctors may recommend a mastectomy.
Lumpectomy is less invasive compared to mastectomy. The surgery focuses on the affected tisue, which helps to preserve the natural shape. It has a shorter stay at hospital time. They are usually appropriate for women who have a single small or medium size tumor.
People who get a lumpectomy also usually have to get radiation therapy (RT) to ensure all traces of cancer are gone. If the cancer comes back after a lumpectomy, you'll need additional surgery.
A mastectomy treats breast cancer by removing the entire breast.
There are five types of mastectomy procedures:
Simple(total): In this procedure, your doctor removes the entire breast, but doesnot remove any lymph nodes in your underarm or muscle beneath the breast.
Modified Radical: In this procedure, your doctor removes the entire and some lymph nodes. However, no muscle is removed. This form of mastectomy is used to examine the lymph nodes and determine if the cancer has spread beyond the breast.
Radical: This is the most invasive type of mastectomy. A radical mastectomy removes the entire breast, underarm lymph nodes, and muscles in the chest. This procedure is only recommended if your cancer has spread to the chest muscles in the breasts.
Partial: In this procedure, only the portion of the breast affected by cancer and some surrounding tissue is removed. Though similar to lupectomy, this procedure removes more tissue.
Subcutaneous: This surgery removes all breast tissue but preserves the nipple. It is also known as nipple sparing mastectomy.
A mastectomy is more invasive than a lumpectomy and require a longer hospital stay. Recovery time may be longer. A mastectomy is a permanent removal of your breast, which have psychological effects.
Women are advised to have mastectomy instead of lumpectomy who have:
Breast Surgery / General Laparoscopic Surgery Clinic at Bilal Hospital:
Bilal Hospital Breast Surgery clinic provides treatment of different types of breast diseases.
Breast diseases can cause infections, cysts and lumps, with or without pain. If you have a breast lump, discharge or skin irritation, kindly visit our clinic. Minor and serious breast problems have similar symptoms. Although many women fear cancer, most breast problems are not cancer. We treat:
If you notice any unusual signs in your breast than kindly visit our Breast Surgery Clinic for checkup.